Heblish – Hebrew lessons: Day 18

What follows is today’s lesson, where you are going to learn something regarding emotions.Everyone of us will react to things in completely different ways. Some people might cry watching a TV show, others might feel happy playing Party poker and some may laugh out loud when reading a book. It is because we are all different people that we need to stick together in times of trouble,as some of us may be stronger than others. We hope you find the lesson interesting and you can learn from it.

Clock – Part I

Free Hebrew lessons – April 2010 – Training – Day 18:

Shalom,

This is a special week.  Holocaust Memorial Day (Yom Ha’Shoa) was on Monday, the IDF Fallen Remembrance Day (Yom Ha’zikaron) is next Monday, and Israeli Independence Day (Yom Ha’atsmaut) is on Tuesday.

In Israel, sadness and happiness sometimes come together, like Yom Ha’atsmaut following Yom Ha’zikaron, because we know that we wouldn’t be safe and happy without the sacrifice of those who fell in battle. But I’m sure that’s not just in Israel. In another example, one day you can receive good news and be happy all day, and the next day you can lose your beloved dog

That’s life. In Israel we have a saying: Time buries the sadness beside the dead.

 

In our previous lesson we talked about directions. We read Judy’s story and learned some new words like “yesh” for “there is,” “az” for “so” and “then,” “^anut” for “store” and “shop” and some other words like “bank,” “supermarket” and “misada” (restaurant).

If we return to the sentence “time buries the sadness beside the dead,” we can see how much “time” (zman, in Hebrew) controls our life. That’s why our lesson today will be about “time…”

Today’s menu: Clock

Attention: The underlined letters represent the accent.

In Hebrew lesson 11 we learned the numbers 1-12, and I kept that table for you here, at the Numbers tab.

When talking about “time,” we use feminine numbers.

The time is

For “the time is one o’clock” or “it is one o’clock” we say ha’shaa a^at.

Examples:
   – What is the time? – Ma ha’shaa? (sha-a)
   – It’s two o’clock. – Ha’shaa shtaim (or just shtaim).

   – When? – Matay?
   – At three o’clock – Be’shaa shalosh (or just be’shalosh).

   – What time is breakfast? – Matay aru^at ha’boker? (breakfast – aru^at boker)
   – Breakfast is at 8:00 A.M. – Aru^at ha’boker be’shmone.

You use A.M. and P.M., but we don’t. If breakfast is at 8 it can’t be at night, so we don’t use A.M. – but if there is any doubt, we add the following words: Boker (morning), tsohoraim (noon), a^ar ha’tsohoraim (afternoon), erev (evening) and laila for night.

Hours Time of Day
4 A.M. to 11 A.M. Morning – boker (lesson 2)
12 P.M. to 2 P.M. Noon – tsohoraim (tso-ho-raim)
2 P.M. to 4 P.M. Afternoon – a^ar ha’tsohoraim
5 P.M. to 9 P.M. Evening – erev
10 P.M. to 3 A.M. Night – laila (lesson 2)

The table above is general (approximate).

Let’s see more examples:
– I finish work at 5:00 P.M.Ani finish work be’^amesh.

– Please call me at 7:00 P.M.Bevakasha call me Be’shaa sheva ba’erev.

– I have an appointment at 11:00 A.M. – I have an appointment be’a^at-esre.

– The mail comes at 9:00 A.M. – The mail comes be’tesha.

– The restaurant opens at 1:00 P.M. – Ha’misada opens be’a^t (you can add ba’tsohoraim if it’s not clear that you mean to say 1:00 P.M.).

– The bank closes at 6:00 P.M.Ha’bank closes be’shesh.

Note:  Remember that it is acceptable to omit the word “shaa.”
If we talk about six o’clock, for example, we can say “be’shaa shesh” or just “be’shesh,” exactly as you say “at six o’clock” or just “at six.”
 

It was a short lesson and I think it was easy – this time… 😉 

Lehitraot in lesson 19…

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Comments: 3 Comments

3 Responses to “Heblish – Hebrew lessons: Day 18”

  1. Conny says:

    Laila tov Yaron,
    I have practised some of the words we learned. Don’t laugh! The difficult part is the lack of vocabulary. I am not so patient so I want to learn more. But with this practise I learned that learning word by word is the best way to learn Hebrew. At home I have the book Hebrew for dummies which is funny and the site akhlah dot com is nice to learn the Hebrew alphabet. Your site is still my favorite!

    Ha’yom chadasha!
    Ze ha’yom chadasha! First yesh li aruchat boker at ha’malon Hilton be tesha. Az ha’beginning tov for ha’yom. Be’eser ani rotsa to go to ha’bank for money. Lama? For shopping bevaday! Ein otobus, az ani take ha’monit. Ani ask the receptionist to call ha’monit bishvili. The taxidriver drives smola, yamina ve yashar for 5 miles chamesh)to ha’bank. After shopping ani go to ha’misada. Ze thohoraim. Ha’zman for lunch. Ani ratsiti dag ve chips aval lo ketjup. Ze ha’misada tova. Amarti toda raba ve ani asked ha’meltzar:”ma ha’shaa”? amarta(?) ha’shaa arba. Ha’zman to go home. Lakachti ha’otobus to ha’malon. It was ha’yom tov!

  2. Yaron says:

    Hi Conny,

    Thank you for your great “story”. I can see you worked very hard. I will use it in one of our next lessons… but please use “^” for “het” or “haf” because the”ch” has a different sound. Lesson 6 talks about this sound. I also replaced the “.” with “dot” since we do not give links to other websites. Thanks very much for your participation.

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