Articles Written By: Yaron

Heblish – Hebrew lessons: Day 59

Refresher – lessons 9 to 12

Free Hebrew lessons – March 2011 – Training – Day 59

Hi,

In our previous lesson we learned that most of the time the suffix for plural words in the feminine is “ot” and in the masculine it is “im.” We will learn more about singular and plural during our lessons as you read many sentences and examples, but today we have to go back to lesson 9…

In lesson 50 I gave you our first lesson for 2011 which was our first refresher. We did a refresher for the first eight lessons and some of you told me that it was great. As I promised you to give more refreshers from time to time, here is our second refresher.

Today’s menu: Refresher for lessons 9 to 12

Attention: The underlined letters represent the accent.

In lesson 9 we learned how to say:
   – I want – ani rotse (m), ani rotsa (f)
   – I see – ani roe, (m), ani roa (f) and
   – I understand – ani mevin (m), ani mevina (f).

Lesson 10 was an important lesson, where we learned how to say “yes” (ken) and “no” (lo).

We also learned that “there is no” and “there are no” are both expressed with one short word – ein.

I’m sure you remember that “thanks” or “thank you” is “toda” in Hebrew, and I want to remind you that for “thanks a lot” you should say “toda raba.“

In that lesson we also learned that “excuse me” is “sli^a,” for example:
   – Excuse me, what is the time please – sli^a, ma ha’shaa be’vakasha?

But the most important thing we learned in lesson 10 was to ask “how much” 😉
Examples:
   – How much is the bracelet? – Kama ole ha’tsamid?
   – Excuse me, how much is the fish? – Sli^a, kama ole ha’dag?
   – How much is the dress? – Kama ola ha’simla?

Kama ole for masculine and kama ola for feminine.

In lesson 9 and in lesson 11 we learned how to count from e^ad to shneim-asar (from 1 to 12) in masculine and feminine.

After learning and reading the Hebrew numbers one through twelve, I gave you an example for the six new words we learned in the following section:
“You can just imagine what we are going to do next week regarding “the bracelet and the ring” (ha’tsamid ve’ha’tabaat), the color of your “dress” (simla), and what are you going to do with a “bottle” (bakbuk) of wine, sweet “cake” (uga) and a “goooood  book” (sefer tov)…”

Lesson 12 will finish our current refresher with the table below:

Feminine objects Feminine objects Masculine objects Masculine objects
One ring Tabaat a^at One bracelet Tsamid e^ad
Two rings Shtei tabaot Two bracelets Shnei tsmidim
Three rings Shalosh tabaot Three bracelets Shlosha tsmidim
Four rings Arba tabaot Four bracelets Arbaa tsmidim
Five cakes ^amesh ugot Five bottles ^amisha bakbukim
Six cakes Shesh ugot Six bottles Shisha bakbukim
Seven cakes Sheva ugot Seven bottles Shivaa bakbukim
Eight cakes Shmone ugot Eight bottles Shmona bakbukim
Nine dresses Tesha smalot Nine books Tishaa sfarim
Ten dresses Eser smalot Ten books Asara sfarim
Eleven dresses A^at-esre smalot Eleven books A^ad-asar sfarim
Twelve dresses Shteim-esre smalot Twelve books Shneim-asar sfarim

 

This table is an excellent opportunity for you to see what we learned in our last lesson, lesson 58, when I taught you that most of the time the suffix for plural words in the feminine is “ot,” and “im” in the masculine.

Lehitraot in lesson 60…
Wow 60!?!

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Heblish – Hebrew lessons: Day 58

Singular and plural

Free Hebrew lessons – March 2011 – Training – Day 58

Shalom lekulam, (Hi everyone,)

In our previous lesson we learned how to use the word “say” in past simple tense. Since in Hebrew there is only one form for the past tense, you now know how to use this word in the past tense. 

The translation for “say” and “to say” to Hebrew is not easy, but very important.
We will learn it during our lessons as you read many sentences and examples, until finally you catch it. Anyway, one of the tenses (the past simple) is behind us and it wasn’t difficult.

Today (hayom), we will have fun.

Today’s menu: Singular and plural

Attention: The underlined letters represent the accent.

In Hebrew, the suffix for plural usually tells us the gender of the word. Usually, but not always… 😉

We already learned some plural words, but hayom (today) plural words will be the main subject for our lesson.

Most of the suffixes for plural words in masculine will be “im” – sounds like “eem.”
Most of the suffixes for plural words in feminine will be “ot.”

Below, you can see a funny video, where the mother gives her child, who is 3 years old, a word in singular form and the child is trying to guess the plural form…

Of course there are many mistakes and you don’t really have to listen to all of the video, but it is funny, and you can also hear some of the Hebrew accent…

1) At 33 seconds into the video, Nufar, the mother, says “one life,” how do you say “a lot of lives?” – and Osher, the little boy, answers “^aim.” Actually, he said it correctly, since there is no plural for “life” (^aim), but his mom just wants to document his mistakes and is not really trying to teach him this time… so she almost forced him to make a mistake… 😉

2) At 41 seconds into the video, the mother asks “one picture, a lot of?…” (when she actually wanted to ask: how do you say “a lot of pictures?”) – “tmuna a^at, harbe?…” and Osher answers “tmunot” which is correct.
Next… “one watch,” – “shaon e^ad,”  how do you say “a lot of watches?” and his answer is correct again “sheonim“. The next question is “one dolly, which is “buba” – and his answer is also correct – “bubot.”

Now you can click below and watch the video:
Singular and plural form on YouTube by Osher and Nufar.

English Hebrew – singular Hebrew – plural Suffix
       
Words from the video      
Life ^aim (m) ^aim  —
Picture Tmuna (f) Tmunot Ot
Dolly Buba (f) Bubot Ot
       
Words you should know      
Book Sefer (m) Sfarim                Im – sounds like “eem”
Bottle Bakbuk (m) Bakbukim          Im
Bracelet Tsamid (m) Tsmidim            Im
       
Dress Simla (f) Smalot               Ot
Cake Uga (f) Ugot                  Ot
Ring Tabaat (f) Tabaot               Ot
       
Some new words      
Pen Et (m) Etim Im
Orange (the fruit) Tapuz (m) Tapuzim Im
Dog Kelev (m) Klavim Im
Boy Yeled (m) Yeladim Im
       
Envelope Maatafa (ma-a-ta-fa) Maatafot Ot
Sofa Sapa (f) Sapot Ot
Lioness Levia (f) Leviot Ot
Girl Yalda (f) Yeladot Ot

 

I hope you enjoyed this week’s lesson.  I thought the video was very charming, however, I might be a little prejudiced. The little boy is my great nephew, my sister’s grandson. It’s a great picture of how we learn to speak Hebrew here, but since we can’t all learn this way… hello, Free-Hebrew.com!  😉

Lehitraot in lesson 59…

You are welcome to join our group on Facebook

Heblish – Hebrew lessons: Day 57

Practice Hebrew

Free Hebrew lessons – February 2011 – Training – Day 57

Shalom,

Shalom? I don’t really see any peace or peaceful life around our little country. Everyone against everyone, and the end doesn’t seem very close…

Anyway, between all that mess, and although the world seems to be falling apart, there is a little island of us who want to learn Hebrew …   

In our previous lesson we learned the first, second and third person in masculine form of the word “say,” and we also learned how to say “a lot of, people, chocolate, week, end” and “weekend.”

Today, we will continue with the important word “say.”

Today’s menu: To say

Attention: The underlined letters represent the accent.

Say
For “to say” [please sit… 😉 ] we say – lehagid (le-ha-gid), but all the other forms of this word in past simple include the root a.m.r., as we learned before. 

English Heblish
I said (m) + (f) amarti  (a-mar-ti)
You said (m) Amarta (a-mar-ta)
You said (f) Amart (a-mart)
He said Amar (a-mar)
She said Amra (am-ra)
We said (m) + (f) Amarnu (a-mar-nu)
You said (m) Amartem (a-mar-tem)
You said (f) Amarten (a-mar-ten)
They said (m) + (f) Amru (am-ru)

 

*)  I don’t always teach you “proper” (complex) Hebrew (like a college professor would), but I always teach you the right way to speak Hebrew like an Israeli… words and phrases that any Israeli will understand.  This includes the way we accent certain words. For instance, in perfect “college” Hebrew the accent on the word “amarten” would look like this:  (a-mar-ten), but it is commonly pronounced (a-mar-ten), with the accent on the middle syllable.

I said
– I said I want a cake – Amarti she’ani rotse uga (man speaking).
– I said I want a ring – Amarti she’ani rotsa tabaat (woman speaking).

You said
– You said you will not come – Amarta she’lo tavo (speaking to a man).
– You said you will not come – Amart she’lo tavoi  (speaking to a woman).

He said
– He said he loves you – Hu amar she’hu ohev ota^. (man loves woman)

She said
– She said she loves you – Hi amra she’hi ohevet ot^a. (woman loves man)

We said
– We said it is beautiful – Amarnu she’ze yafe.

You said
– You said you will come – Amartem she’tavou (plural).

They said
– They said goodnight – Hem amru laila tov. (m)
– They said goodnight – Hen amru laila tov. (f)

Isn’t it wonderful to look back and see how much we’ve learned together?!  I hope you are all enjoying studying Hebrew as much as I’m enjoying teaching it. Ok… I might be prejudiced (wink), but I feel like Hebrew is the most beautiful language an ear as ever heard and a tongue has ever uttered.
Come on, who can argue with that?  😉

Lehitraot in lesson 58…

You are welcome to join our group on Facebook

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