Articles Written By: Yaron

Heblish Lesson: Day 9

Gender Basics
Free Heblish Challenge – February 2010 – Training – Day 9:

Shalom!

Day 9 and only six weeks until spring…

In our two previous lessons we talked about the conjunctions “and,” (ve) and “the” (ha). We learned how to say “for,” “for me,” “for him” and “for her” (bishvil, bishvili, bishvilo and bishvila), and we also learned some words about food.

The goal of this course is not to teach you mountains of words, but the main conjunctions and some useful terms for a simple day in Israel. You won’t be a politician or a writer after this course, but hopefully you will be able to speak Hebrew well enough for the needs of your stay in Israel.

If you don’t remember the sound of the symbol (^), go back to lesson 6, read the explanation and listen to the videos. You won’t be able to learn Heblish without listening to the videos of lessons 4, 5 and 6.
Those lessons are a must!

Today we have an interesting but complex lesson…

Today’s menu: One (masculine), I, I want, I see and I understand

Attention: The underlined letters under a Heblish word represent the accent.

One (masculine)

One fish – dag e^ad.
In English you say “I ate ONE fish” but in Hebrew we say “I ate fish ONE”.  (I ate dag e^ad). One (e^ad) has an unusual usage in the structure of the Hebrew sentence… it comes after the noun.

Examples:
   – For me one fish – bishvili dag e^ad.
   – There is only one cat around the aquarium – There is only ^atul e^ad around the aquarium.  

Since fish is a masculine word in Hebrew, we say: dag e^ad. The feminine numbers are different, but today we are only going to learn this.

I

It won’t be easy, so stay focused.

In English you have three different words for talking about yourself: “I, me” and “myself.”
In Hebrew it is more complex and we’ll do it step by step, lesson after lesson.

In our previous lesson (Lesson 8) you saw one usage of “I” (me) when we learned that “for” is “bishvil” and “for me” is ” bishvili.”  By adding just the “i” vowel at the end of the word, it changes to “for me.”

Today we’ll learn about “I” (as simply, “I”).
The Hebrew word for “I” is “ani.”
Ani is the word for “I” whether you are a man or a woman; the gender difference will be in the word following “ani.”  We can see that in the next example.

I want

You say “I want” and I say “ani rotse” – this is because I’m a man, but a woman should say “ani rotsa“.

Most of you are women, so “feminine” will always come before “masculine” in our lessons. Look at the following table.

              English                                                           Heblish

  Feminine Masculine
I want Ani rotsa Ani rotse
I want French fries Ani rotsa chips Ani rotse chips
I want one bracelet Ani rotsa tsamid e^ad Ani rotse tsamid e^ad
I want a pizza Ani rotsa pitsa Ani rotse pitsa
I want ketchup Ani rotsa ketchup Ani rotse ketchup

Hey, sorry about the noisy radio in the background of the videos. I was concentrating so hard on the words of the lesson that I didn’t even realize it was on.
Listen to this video “Ani rotse” (22 seconds on YouTube).

I see

In English, you sometimes
say “I see” to also indicate “I understand,” but you can’t use those terms interchangeably in Hebrew.
In Hebrew, “to see” is what you do with your eyes… see, that’s all.

              English                                                           Heblish

  Feminine Masculine
I see Ani roa Ani roe
I see a fish Ani roa dag Ani roe dag
I see one fish Ani roa dag e^ad Ani roe dag e^ad
     
I see a cat Ani roa ^atul Ani roe ^atul
I see a cat and a fish Ani roa ^atul ve’dag Ani roe ^atul ve’dag
I see a cat and one fish Ani roa ^atul ve’dag e^ad Ani roe ^atul ve’dag e^ad

 

Hmmm… two vowels together… how should you say it? Listen to this video “Ani roe” (23 seconds on YouTube).

I understand

And finally, here is how you would say “I understand” in Heblish.

              English                                                           Heblish

  Feminine Masculine
I understand Ani mevina Ani mevin
I understand what you say Ani mevina what you
say
Ani mevin what you say

 

I enjoyed the lesson. I hope you did, too… 😉

Lehitraot in Lesson 10 

Heblish Lesson: Day 8

Conjunctions

Free Heblish Challenge – January 2010 – Training – Day 8:

Hi!

Day 8 and the last lesson in January.

Now that we have completed one month of lessons, I must admit that preparing the lessons is taking more time than I had anticipated. Also, several students have mentioned that they are struggling to keep up. With that in mind, I have decided to have only one lesson a week (on Thursdays) beginning in February. I really want to keep the lessons of high quality and free of charge, so I think this change in our schedule will be beneficial to all.

But, this is not to say that you are going to take a vacation! I’m still waiting to read your questions of “how should I say _______ in Hebrew.” As I mentioned in Lesson 7, you can “Leave a Reply” at the bottom of the page, and I will respond to you.

In our previous lesson we talked about the conjunctions “and,” (ve) and “the” (ha) and we also looked at some new words regarding “food,” like dag, chips

So what we are going to learn today?

Today’s menu: “Also,” and “for me”

Also

For “also” we say “gam.”

Therefore, to say: “Fish and French fries and also ketchup,” you should say: Dag vechips ve’gam ketchup.”

In Hebrew we use the same word as you do for ketchup.

If you want to be polite, you can add the word “bevakasha” (please) which we learned in Lesson 3: Dag vechips ve’gam ketchup, bevakasha.

More examples:
   I have a car and also a truck – I have a car vegam a truck.
   The fish is good, and also the salad – hadag tov vegam hasalat

 

For me

In Hebrew “for me” is only one word: bishvili

Bishvil is “for.” The last “i” makes it “for me.”
   For mebishvili
   For himbishvilo
   For herbishvila

Example:
For me, lamb and baked potatoes, and for her, fish and French fries and also ketchup, please.

Wow, what a long sentence…

Bishvili, lamb and baked potatoes,
vebishvila dag vechips vegam ketchup, bevakasha.

Let’s learn two more words before we go on:
   Lamb – keves
   Baked potatoes – tapu^ey adama

 

Now let’s do it again, but slowly:

For me, lamb and baked potatoes, and for her, fish and French fries and also ketchup, please.

   For me – bishvili

   Lamb – keves

   And baked potatoes – vetapu^ey adama

   And for her – vebishvila

   Fish – dag

   And French fries – vechips

   And also – vegam

   Ketchup – ketchup

   Please – bevakasha.

Bishvili, keves vetapu^ey adama, vebishvila dag vechips vegam ketchup, bevakasha.

Shoot me!… 😉

 

I’m waiting for your questions.

Lehitraot in Lesson 9.

Heblish Lesson: Day 7

Conjunctions
Free Heblish Challenge – January 2010 – Training – Day 7:
Shalom!
Day 7 – almost one month together…

I need to clarify something about “shalom” and “lehitraot.”
There is no word for “goodbye” in Hebrew, except for “shalom.” However, shalom is a formal word – and because we are very optimistic here in Israel, we use “see you,” which is “lehitraot.”

In our previous lesson we talked about the sound of the letter tsadey (“ts”), and the unusual sound of the letter(s) het/haf . We agreed to mark the sound of the letter(s) het/haf with an “^”. Remember, we’re just using the sign “^” here on Free-Hebrew. Written in Hebrew the het/haf would look like “ח”, “כ” or “ך”… but I promised you an easy way to learn Hebrew – no “teeth pulling.” 😉

Now that you have learned how to pronounce the 5 Heblish vowels and the sounds of the “ts” and “^,” we can go ahead and learn more Hebrew words and conjunctions.

Today’s menu: “The, and,” and some words around the table

First, we will add more Hebrew words in order to use the conjunctions.

After you arrive in Israel you will probably want something to eat…does that make you hungry?
Ok, go and get something from your refrigerator, I’ll be waiting…

When you learn new words in our Heblish lessons, you don’t have to remember all of them. This system will first teach you to pronounce the Hebrew letters and vowels correctly, and how to use the common conjunctions. I will also show you the difference between masculine and feminine in plural and singular.

But, if you really want to learn and remember the Hebrew words, you have three ways to do it:
1.  Be patient, because I’m going to teach you a lot of them…

2. Use the Tabs at the top of each page: “Dictionary, Expressions, Lessons” and “Subjects.” These pages contain words, information and lessons you have learned, and are updated with every lesson. Use these tools to help you study and recall previous lessons.

3. Talk to me after every lesson. If there is a specific phrase or word that you want to learn in Hebrew, you don’t have to wait for a lesson. If you don’t have a question – invent one! Our back and forth correspondence is the best way to learn. So “Leave a Reply” at the bottom of the page, write your question and I will respond to you. Who knows, your question might be the basis for a new lesson… You can do that here, or on my Facebook wall. I’m waiting for your questions.

Let’s have more words:
You are sitting near the table and the waiter gives you the menu and says: “What would you like to eat?” You ask him “What kind of meat and what side dishes do you have?” Then he will say: “We have no pork, but we have chicken, schnitzel, lamb and fish. Our side dishes are baked potatoes, French fries, mashed potatoes, rice and pasta. Every entree comes with vegetable salad, orange juice and bread.”

Well, this is a long list, and you don’t really need to learn all these words now. Let’s just take a few.
   Meat – basar
   Side dishes – tosafot
   Fish – dag
   French fries – chips
   Pasta – pasta
   Vegetable salad – salat (or salat yerakot)

 

The
In Lesson 3 I promised you we would talk about the word “the,” like in the sentence: “Where is the toilet?”
The word “the” is very useful in every language and now you will learn how to use it in Hebrew.
You say “the” in English, and I say “ha” in Hebrew.

In Hebrew “the” is only one letter, but in Heblish it would be two letters that always connect to the next word. I will explain, so just stay with me…

You already know that “where” is eifo and “toilet” is sherutim,” therefore, for “Where is the toilet?” you’re going to say “Eifo ha’sherutim?
Please note that the apostrophe is only to show you the separation between the two words “the” and “toilet.” In Hebrew it’s considered only one word.
Examples:
   The hotel – ha‘malon
  
The phone- ha‘telephone
   The meat – ha‘basar
   The fish is good – ha‘dag tov

 

And
Next will be the conjunction “and.”
You say “and” and I say “ve” (if you forgot the sound of the “e”… listen to this video again)
Examples:
   Dan and Alice – Dan ve‘Alice
   Meat and side dishes – basar ve‘tosafot
   Pasta and Vegetable salad – Pasta ve‘salat

Now look at the following example:
   The meat – ha‘basar
   The vegetable salad – ha‘salat
   The meat and the vegetable salad – ha‘ basar ve’ha‘salat

Wow, it was long… but you learned a lot! 😉
Lehitraot in Lesson 8…

 

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