Archive for April, 2011

Heblish – Hebrew lessons: Day 65

All About Adjectives – Part II 

Free Hebrew lessons – April 2011 – Training – Day 65

Hi !

I really missed you… 
Last Thursday we didn’t have a lesson, but the holidays are behind us now, so we can continue with our Heblish course.

In our previous lesson we learned about adjectives. We learned about “good” and “bad” (tov ve’ra), “big” and “small” (gadol ve’katan) and also about “happy” and “sad” (samea^ ve’atsuv).

Today we will continue with some new Hebrew adjectives.     
 

Today’s menu: All About Adjectives – Part II.

Attention: The underlined letters represent the accent.

I want to remind you that, although it’s not so important in English, gender is very important in the Hebrew language. In Hebrew a masculine noun requires a masculine adjective, and a feminine noun requires a feminine adjective. 

1)
In English you say heavy.
In Hebrew you should say kaved.

English Hebrew – Feminine Hebrew – Masculine
Heavy kveda kaved

 

In English you say light.
In Hebrew you should say kal.

English Hebrew – Feminine Hebrew – Masculine
Light* kala kal

 

* Of course, in English there is another meaning for “light,” but here we are talking about “light” as opposed to “heavy.” 

Example:
   – The rock is heavyHa’sela kaved, (rock is masculine)
   – But this little stone is lightAval ha’even ha’ktana ha’zot, kala. (Stone (even) is feminine, that’s why we must use the feminine form, “ktana,” for “little”).

In our previous lesson, lesson 64, we learned that “small” is “katan” for (m) and ktana for (f). Now you can see that “little” has the same meaning.
 
More words: Rock-sela, but-aval, stone-even.

2)
In English you say beautiful.
In Hebrew you should say yafe. I mentioned this word in lesson 2 and in lesson 19.

English Hebrew – Feminine Hebrew – Masculine
Beautiful yafa yafe

 

In English you say ugly.
In Hebrew you should say me^oar.

English Hebrew – Feminine Hebrew – Masculine
Ugly me^oeret    me^oar

 

Example:
   – The princess is beautifulHa’nesi^a yafa,
   – But the witch is uglyAval ha’me^ashefa me^oeret.
  
More words: Princess-nesi^a, witch-me^ashefa.

3)
In English you say long.
In Hebrew you should say aro^.

English Hebrew – Feminine Hebrew – Masculine
Long aruka aro^

 

In English you say short.
In Hebrew you should say katsar.

English Hebrew – Feminine Hebrew – Masculine
Short ktsara  katsar

 

Example:
   – We had a long vacation – Aita lanu ^ufsha aruka. (Vacation, ^ufsha, is feminine)
   – The spring in Israel is shortHa’aviv be’Israel katsar. (Spring, aviv, is masculine)

 More words: Vacation-^ufsha, spring-aviv.

I really like the way we are fleshing out our Heblish knowledge.  Soon you will be able to carry on a simple conversation with an Israeli. They may smile at your accent, but they will understand what you are saying, and… if they speak slowly, you will be able to understand them! Hey, I need to definitely teach you how to say “please speak slower” in a future lesson, you’ll need that sentence. 

Lehitraot in lesson 66… 😉

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Heblish – Hebrew lessons: Day 64

All About Adjectives 

Free Hebrew lessons – April 2011 – Training – Day 64

Shalom lekulam (Hi everyone), 

In our previous lesson we talked about the future tense and about “you,” and I taught you how to use some verbs in both genders. Thanks, to everyone who sent me sentences using the words from our last lesson.  I’m glad to see you are learning so much Hebrew… we are on the right track!  😉

Today we will learn some new Hebrew adjectives.     
 

Today’s menu: All About Adjectives.

Attention: The underlined letters represent the accent.

First, although it’s not so important in English, gender is very important in the Hebrew language. We appreciate our ladies… 😉 

So, in Hebrew a masculine noun requires a masculine adjective, and a feminine noun requires a feminine adjective. 

1)
In English you say good.
In Hebrew you should say tov. I taught you this word in our first lesson.

English Hebrew – Feminine Hebrew – Masculine
Good Tova Tov

 

In English you say bad.
In Hebrew you should say ra.

English Hebrew – Feminine Hebrew – Masculine
Bad Raa (ra-a) Ra

 

Example:
   – This boy is a good boy – Ha’yeled ha’ze hu yeled tov,
   – But his brother is badAval a^ shelo ra.
 
 More words: Boy-yeled, but-aval, brother-a^, his-shelo.

2)
In English you say big.
In Hebrew you should say gadol.

English Hebrew – Feminine Hebrew – Masculine
Big Gdola Gadol

 

In English you say small.
In Hebrew you should say katan.

English Hebrew – Feminine Hebrew – Masculine
Small Ktana    Katan  

 

Example:
   – His cake is bigHa’uga shelo gdola,  (uga is feminine, that’s why we must use the feminine form, “gdola,” for “big”)
   – So, why is mine small? – Az lama sheli ktana?
  
More words: Cake-uga, so-az, why-lama, mine – sheli.

3)
In English you say happy.
In Hebrew you should say samea^.

English Hebrew – Feminine Hebrew – Masculine
Happy Sme^a samea^

 

In English you say sad.
In Hebrew you should say atsuv.

English Hebrew – Feminine Hebrew – Masculine
Sad Atsuva  Atsuv  

 

Example:
   – Now I have a big cake too, so I am happyA^shav gam li yesh uga gdola, az ani samea^.
   – But why is my brother sad?… – Aval lama a^ sheli atsuv?…
 Because I switched our cakes!… 😉

 
 More words: Now-a^shav, I have-yesh li, too-gam.

I think this lesson will really enrich your Hebrew vocabulary; we need adjectives, even simple ones, to bring any language to life.  We’ll explore more adjectives in the future.   

Next week will be Passover, a very important holiday in Israel (and for Jews everywhere), so we will not have a lesson.  Have a blessed week and I’ll see you here on April 28th. 
Happy Holidays!

Lehitraot in lesson 65…

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Heblish – Hebrew lessons: Day 63

Completion

Free Hebrew lessons – April 2011 – Training – Day 63

Shalom

In our previous lesson we talked about “you” and “with you,” but only how to speak to a man. In lesson 61 we learned some new words in the future tense, but only how to speak to a woman.

Therefore, today we will learn both genders.
You can also take it as a good refresher for the last two lessons.     
 

Today’s menu: Completion of lessons 61 & 62.

Attention: The underlined letters represent the accent.

Words & sentences Speaking to a woman Speaking to a man
Close your eyes Tisgeri et ha’einaim shela^ Tisgor et ha’einaim shel^a
Close Tisgeri   Tisgor
Your Shela^ Shel^a
Eyes Einaim Einaim (the same)
     
And I’ll kiss you Va’ani anashek ota^ Va’ani anashek ot^a
And I Va’ani Va’ani (the same)
I will kiss Anashek Anashek (the same)
You * Ota^ Ot^a
     
Tomorrow I’ll miss you Ma^ar etgaagea elai^ Ma^ar etgaagea ele^a
Tomorrow Ma^ar Ma^ar (the same)
I will miss Etgaagea Etgaagea (the same)
You * Elai^ Ele^a

* Here you can see that we have the word “you” twice, but in Hebrew it is not the same word. Don’t try to understand the rules for when to use Ota^ for “you” and when to use Elai^ (speaking to a woman). You will learn it from our examples during our Heblish lessons.

You

In Hebrew, “you” is expressed using at least four different word. Today we will learn three of them:

English Speaking to a woman Speaking to a man
You are going At hole^et Ata hole^
You are handsome/beautiful At yafa Ata nae
Are you drinking coffee? At shota ca? Ata shote ca?
Where do you live? Eifo at gara? Eifo ata gar?

 

English Speaking to a woman Speaking to a man
I met you Pagashti ota^ Pagashti ot^a
I see you Ani roa ota^  (a woman speaking to a woman) Ani roa ot^a  (a woman speaking to a man)
She photographed you Hi tsilma ota^ Hi tsilma ot^a
He will catch you Hu itpos ota^ Hu itpos ot^a

 

English Speaking to a woman Speaking to a man
I am going with you Ani hole^et ita^ (a woman speaking to a woman) Ani hole^et it^a (a woman speaking to a man)
She is coming with you Hi baa ita^ Hi baa it^a
They will do that with you Hem yaasu et ze ita^ Hem yaasu et ze it^a

 

Wow, we learned a lot of new words this week.  Putting them all together to make real sentences is fun, isn’t it?  Let’s have a challenge – who can send me one sentence using the most words from the tables above… are you up for it?

Next week we will have an easy lesson. Don’t miss it! 

Lehitraot in lesson 64…

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