Posts Tagged 'Hebrew numbers'

Heblish Lesson: Day 13

Numbers – Part II
Free Heblish Challenge – March 2010 – Training – Day 13:

Hi,

Day 13 – unlucky for some, but not for us! ;-)

 

In our previous lesson we went shopping and bought a few smalot (dresses), tabaot (rings), ugot (cakes) and other things we like.  We also learned how to use the Hebrew numbers one through twelve, except for the number two and some exceptions, which we are going to talk about today in our Hebrew lesson.

We will also do a short refresher by watching some videos from our past lessons. It’s going to be short and easy, but if you would like to work harder, go back and read lesson 11 and lesson 12 again.

Today’s menu: Number 2, some exceptions & a short refresher

Attention: The underlined letters represent the accent.

In our previous lesson I showed you that when counting nouns in Hebrew, except for the number one (e^ad  / a^at), the numbers come before the noun, just as they do in English.

Here is a short table of the numbers one, two and three:

The number Feminine Masculine
One A^at E^ad
Two Shtaim Shnaim
Three Shalosh Shlosha

 

Feminine objects Feminine objects Masculine objects Masculine objects
One ring Tabaat a^at One book Sefer e^ad
Two rings Shtey tabaot Two books Shney sfarim
Three rings Shalosh tabaot Three books Shlosha sfarim

Comparing the tables above, you will see that the number two is the only number which changes.

   – Shtaim is the feminine number two, but when we are counting objects we say “shtey tabaot” for two rings.
  – Shnaim is the masculine number two, but when we are counting objects we say “shney sfarim” for two books.

In lesson 11 I placed asterisks by the numbers 4, 8 and 12.

The number Feminine Masculine
Four Arba   * Arbaa  (ar-ba-a)
Eight Shmone * Shmona
Twelve Shteim-esre  ** Shneim-asar  **

In formal Hebrew we read the following numbers as shown below – Pay attention to the accent!

   * The correct accent for the feminine number “four” is arba, but most Israelis say arba.
   * The correct accent for the feminine number “eight” is shmone, but most Israelis say shmone.

Arba and shmone are the common pronunciations f
or these numbers, so don’t try to be different – remember, when in Rome behave like a Roman…

   ** As a point of information, another name for twelve (both feminine and masculine) is treisar, but it is not commonly used.

In lieu of repeating tables from Lesson 12, please listen again and review the videos from our previous lessons. You can click the “Videos” tab on the menu bar, or click here on “Videos” and go through the previous videos one by one. They are very short and will help you sharpen your accent as well as remind you of some rules before we go on to lesson 14.

Lehitraot then, in Lesson 14.

 

You are welcome to join our group on Facebook:

http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=230884728509.

Heblish Lesson: Day 11

Numbers
Free Heblish Challenge – February 2010 – Training – Day 11:

Hi everyone – Shalom le’kulam,

It’s getting very exciting around here, because we’ve opened a Heblish group on Facebook.

Why, and what we are going to do there?
Well, when I publish a lesson every Thursday you probably read the lesson, listen to the videos if there are any, and then forget your Hebrew for a whole week. Now that we have created a Facebook group for our Heblish fans, you can see the other students’ questions, read my answers, and also ask your own questions. I’m sure that by doing this, you will learn Hebrew faster than by just following the lessons. So, now is the time to join the group: http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=230884728509

For those who don’t have a Facebook account, I will try to bring the important discussions from Facebook to a special page (“Wall”) which I will build and update here, on our Heblish website (Free-Hebrew.com), but it would be even better if you open a profile on Facebook and join our new Heblish group.

In our previous lesson we talked about the words “ken” – (yes), “lo” – (no/not), “ein” – (there is no/there are no), “toda raba” – (thanks a lot/thanks very much), “sli^a” – (excuse me) and “kama ze/kama ze ole” – (how much/how much is this).

OK, now you know how to ask “kama ze ole,” but what about understanding the answer?  ;-)

Therefore, today and in our next lesson, we will learn some Hebrew numbers. It’s a bit technical, but we won’t be able to take our shopping trip without learning the numbers…

Today’s menu: Numbers 1-12, dress, ring, cake, book, bottle & bracelet

Attention: The underlined letters represent the accent.

Before we start talking about numbers, you should know that in Hebrew all nouns are either feminine or masculine.  (However, there are a few exceptions which are both feminine and masculine.)

When you refer to a noun and its quantity, you must use a feminine or masculine number, depending on the gender of the noun.

Now I will give you 6 new words. Three will be feminine and three will be masculine. These words are to help me teach you some Hebrew numbers. You have a whole week to learn them because we are going to use them in our next lesson.

Feminine nouns – dress, cake, ring

English singular Heblish singular English plural Heblish plural
Dress Simla Dresses Smalot
Cake Uga Cakes Ugot
Ring Tabaat (ta-ba-at) Rings Tabaot

 

Masculine nouns – book, bottle, bracelet

You should recognize the word “tsamid,” (bracelet) since it was used in Lesson 9 under “I want.”

English singular Heblish singular English plural Heblish plural
Book Sefer Books Sfarim
Bottle Bakbuk Bottles Bakbukim
Bracelet Tsamid Bracelets Tsmidim

 

Numbers 1 to 12

I remind you that we already learned the masculine number for “one” (e^ad) in Lesson 9.

The number Feminine Masculine
One A^at E^ad
Two Shtaim Shnaim
Three Shalosh Shlosha
Four Arba   * Arbaa  (ar-ba-a)
Five ^amesh Hamisha
Six Shesh Shisha
Seven Sheva Shivaa (shiv-aa)
Eight Shmone * Shmona
Nine Tesha Tishaa (tish-aa)
Ten Eser Asara
Eleven A^at-esre A^ad-asar
Twelve Shteim-esre  * Shneim-asar  *

 

   * We will talk about it in lesson 13.

Listen to the pronounciation of the feminine Hebrew numbers we have learned (28 seconds on Youtube).

Listen to the pronounciation of the masculine Hebrew numbers we have learned (36 seconds on Youtube).

OK. You may not remember all of these numbers right away, but now you have them and you can always return to the table and pick up the number you need.  For quick reference in the future, I placed this table under a new tab called “Numbers.”

Now, after reading the Hebrew numbers one through twelve, you can just imagine what we are going to do next week regarding “the bracelet and the ring” (ha’tsamid ve’ha’tabaat), the color of your “dress” (simla), and what are you going to do with a “bottle” (bakbuk) of wine, sweet “cake” (uga) and a “goooood  book” (sefer tov)…
;-)

See you (lehitraot) in Lesson 12.