Posts Tagged 'Heblish'

Heblish – Hebrew lessons: Day 64

All About Adjectives 

Free Hebrew lessons – April 2011 – Training – Day 64

Shalom lekulam (Hi everyone), 

In our previous lesson we talked about the future tense and about “you,” and I taught you how to use some verbs in both genders. Thanks, to everyone who sent me sentences using the words from our last lesson.  I’m glad to see you are learning so much Hebrew… we are on the right track!  ;-)

Today we will learn some new Hebrew adjectives.     
 

Today’s menu: All About Adjectives.

Attention: The underlined letters represent the accent.

First, although it’s not so important in English, gender is very important in the Hebrew language. We appreciate our ladies… ;-)  

So, in Hebrew a masculine noun requires a masculine adjective, and a feminine noun requires a feminine adjective. 

1)
In English you say good.
In Hebrew you should say tov. I taught you this word in our first lesson.

English Hebrew – Feminine Hebrew – Masculine
Good Tova Tov

 

In English you say bad.
In Hebrew you should say ra.

English Hebrew – Feminine Hebrew – Masculine
Bad Raa (ra-a) Ra

 

Example:
   – This boy is a good boy – Ha’yeled ha’ze hu yeled tov,
   – But his brother is badAval a^ shelo ra.
 
 More words: Boy-yeled, but-aval, brother-a^, his-shelo.

2)
In English you say big.
In Hebrew you should say gadol.

English Hebrew – Feminine Hebrew – Masculine
Big Gdola Gadol

 

In English you say small.
In Hebrew you should say katan.

English Hebrew – Feminine Hebrew – Masculine
Small Ktana    Katan  

 

Example:
   – His cake is bigHa’uga shelo gdola,  (uga is feminine, that’s why we must use the feminine form, “gdola,” for “big”)
   – So, why is mine small? – Az lama sheli ktana?
  
More words: Cake-uga, so-az, why-lama, mine – sheli.

3)
In English you say happy.
In Hebrew you should say samea^.

English Hebrew – Feminine Hebrew – Masculine
Happy Sme^a samea^

 

In English you say sad.
In Hebrew you should say atsuv.

English Hebrew – Feminine Hebrew – Masculine
Sad Atsuva  Atsuv  

 

Example:
   – Now I have a big cake too, so I am happyA^shav gam li yesh uga gdola, az ani samea^.
   – But why is my brother sad?… – Aval lama a^ sheli atsuv?…
 Because I switched our cakes!… ;-)

 
 More words: Now-a^shav, I have-yesh li, too-gam.

I think this lesson will really enrich your Hebrew vocabulary; we need adjectives, even simple ones, to bring any language to life.  We’ll explore more adjectives in the future.   

Next week will be Passover, a very important holiday in Israel (and for Jews everywhere), so we will not have a lesson.  Have a blessed week and I’ll see you here on April 28th. 
Happy Holidays!

Lehitraot in lesson 65…

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Heblish – Hebrew lessons: Day 63

Completion

Free Hebrew lessons – April 2011 – Training – Day 63

Shalom

In our previous lesson we talked about “you” and “with you,” but only how to speak to a man. In lesson 61 we learned some new words in the future tense, but only how to speak to a woman.

Therefore, today we will learn both genders.
You can also take it as a good refresher for the last two lessons.     
 

Today’s menu: Completion of lessons 61 & 62.

Attention: The underlined letters represent the accent.

Words & sentences Speaking to a woman Speaking to a man
Close your eyes Tisgeri et ha’einaim shela^ Tisgor et ha’einaim shel^a
Close Tisgeri   Tisgor
Your Shela^ Shel^a
Eyes Einaim Einaim (the same)
     
And I’ll kiss you Va’ani anashek ota^ Va’ani anashek ot^a
And I Va’ani Va’ani (the same)
I will kiss Anashek Anashek (the same)
You * Ota^ Ot^a
     
Tomorrow I’ll miss you Ma^ar etgaagea elai^ Ma^ar etgaagea ele^a
Tomorrow Ma^ar Ma^ar (the same)
I will miss Etgaagea Etgaagea (the same)
You * Elai^ Ele^a

* Here you can see that we have the word “you” twice, but in Hebrew it is not the same word. Don’t try to understand the rules for when to use Ota^ for “you” and when to use Elai^ (speaking to a woman). You will learn it from our examples during our Heblish lessons.

You

In Hebrew, “you” is expressed using at least four different word. Today we will learn three of them:

English Speaking to a woman Speaking to a man
You are going At hole^et Ata hole^
You are handsome/beautiful At yafa Ata nae
Are you drinking coffee? At shota ca? Ata shote ca?
Where do you live? Eifo at gara? Eifo ata gar?

 

English Speaking to a woman Speaking to a man
I met you Pagashti ota^ Pagashti ot^a
I see you Ani roa ota^  (a woman speaking to a woman) Ani roa ot^a  (a woman speaking to a man)
She photographed you Hi tsilma ota^ Hi tsilma ot^a
He will catch you Hu itpos ota^ Hu itpos ot^a

 

English Speaking to a woman Speaking to a man
I am going with you Ani hole^et ita^ (a woman speaking to a woman) Ani hole^et it^a (a woman speaking to a man)
She is coming with you Hi baa ita^ Hi baa it^a
They will do that with you Hem yaasu et ze ita^ Hem yaasu et ze it^a

 

Wow, we learned a lot of new words this week.  Putting them all together to make real sentences is fun, isn’t it?  Let’s have a challenge – who can send me one sentence using the most words from the tables above… are you up for it?

Next week we will have an easy lesson. Don’t miss it! 

Lehitraot in lesson 64…

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Heblish – Hebrew lessons: Day 62

You

Free Hebrew lessons – March 2011 – Training – Day 62

Shalom, ma shlom^em? (Hi, how are you (in plural)?) 

In our previous lesson we talked about the future tense. I chose a sentence from the Beatles song “All My Loving” and taught you how to say tisgeri (close, in the future tense – speaking to a woman), anashek (I will kiss) and etgaagea (I will miss (you)).

In our next lesson I will teach you how a woman would say the same sentence to a man, but in lesson 61, when I mentioned the sentence “And I’ll kiss you,” I promised to talk about the word you, today …     
 

Today’s menu: You and with you.

Attention: The underlined letters represent the accent.

In English you say:
- You are my love
- I love you
- I want to dance with you

In Hebrew, “you” is expressed using at least three different words…
A woman speaking to a man
- You are my love – Ata ahuvi
- I love you – Ani ohevet ot^a
- I want to dance with you  – Ani rotsa lirkod it^a
Ata, ot^a, it^a…

It will not be easy to explain “when” to use “what,” because I don’t really want to teach you complex Hebrew, it is not what we are trying to do here, but I will say this:

1) You use “ata” when “you” is a person doing something (an action, like drinking coffee), or when you would say “you are…” (like, you are wonderful).  I think the best way to learn this concept of “you” is to look at examples.

Here are some examples (speaking to a man):
   – You are going – Ata hole^
   – You are handsome – Ata nae
   – Are you drinking coffee? – Ata shote ca? (I can also ask “ha’im ata shote ca?“)
   – Where do you live? – Eifo ata gar?

2. Ot^a is when “you” isn’t doing an action, but an action IS being directed toward “you”.

Here are some examples (speaking to a man):
   – I met youPagashti ot^a
   – I see youAni roa ot^a  (a woman speaking to a man)
   – She photographed youHi tsilma ot^a  
   – He will catch youHu itpos ot^a

3.  It^a is simply “with you.”

Here are some examples (speaking to a man):
   – I am going with youAni hole^et It^a (a woman speaking to a man)
   – She is coming with youHi baa It^a
   – They will do that with youHem yaasu et ze It^a

Is it just me, or did this seem like the longest month ever? Maybe it’s because February is a short month; I don’t know, but wow, tomorrow is finally April and I’m ready to say “hello Spring!”  ;-)

Lehitraot in lesson 63…

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