Heblish Lesson: Day 7

Conjunctions
Free Heblish Challenge – January 2010 – Training – Day 7:
Shalom!
Day 7 – almost one month together…

I need to clarify something about “shalom” and “lehitraot.”
There is no word for “goodbye” in Hebrew, except for “shalom.” However, shalom is a formal word – and because we are very optimistic here in Israel, we use “see you,” which is “lehitraot.”

In our previous lesson we talked about the sound of the letter tsadey (“ts”), and the unusual sound of the letter(s) het/haf . We agreed to mark the sound of the letter(s) het/haf with an “^”. Remember, we’re just using the sign “^” here on Free-Hebrew. Written in Hebrew the het/haf would look like “ח”, “כ” or “ך”… but I promised you an easy way to learn Hebrew – no “teeth pulling.” ;-)

Now that you have learned how to pronounce the 5 Heblish vowels and the sounds of the “ts” and “^,” we can go ahead and learn more Hebrew words and conjunctions.

Today’s menu: “The, and,” and some words around the table

First, we will add more Hebrew words in order to use the conjunctions.

After you arrive in Israel you will probably want something to eat…does that make you hungry?
Ok, go and get something from your refrigerator, I’ll be waiting…

When you learn new words in our Heblish lessons, you don’t have to remember all of them. This system will first teach you to pronounce the Hebrew letters and vowels correctly, and how to use the common conjunctions. I will also show you the difference between masculine and feminine in plural and singular.

But, if you really want to learn and remember the Hebrew words, you have three ways to do it:
1.  Be patient, because I’m going to teach you a lot of them…

2. Use the Tabs at the top of each page: “Dictionary, Expressions, Lessons” and “Subjects.” These pages contain words, information and lessons you have learned, and are updated with every lesson. Use these tools to help you study and recall previous lessons.

3. Talk to me after every lesson. If there is a specific phrase or word that you want to learn in Hebrew, you don’t have to wait for a lesson. If you don’t have a question – invent one! Our back and forth correspondence is the best way to learn. So “Leave a Reply” at the bottom of the page, write your question and I will respond to you. Who knows, your question might be the basis for a new lesson… You can do that here, or on my Facebook wall. I’m waiting for your questions.

Let’s have more words:
You are sitting near the table and the waiter gives you the menu and says: “What would you like to eat?” You ask him “What kind of meat and what side dishes do you have?” Then he will say: “We have no pork, but we have chicken, schnitzel, lamb and fish. Our side dishes are baked potatoes, French fries, mashed potatoes, rice and pasta. Every entree comes with vegetable salad, orange juice and bread.”

Well, this is a long list, and you don’t really need to learn all these words now. Let’s just take a few.
   Meat – basar
   Side dishes – tosafot
   Fish – dag
   French fries – chips
   Pasta – pasta
   Vegetable salad – salat (or salat yerakot)

 

The
In Lesson 3 I promised you we would talk about the word “the,” like in the sentence: “Where is the toilet?”
The word “the” is very useful in every language and now you will learn how to use it in Hebrew.
You say “the” in English, and I say “ha” in Hebrew.

In Hebrew “the” is only one letter, but in Heblish it would be two letters that always connect to the next word. I will explain, so just stay with me…

You already know that “where” is eifo and “toilet” is sherutim,” therefore, for “Where is the toilet?” you’re going to say “Eifo ha’sherutim?
Please note that the apostrophe is only to show you the separation between the two words “the” and “toilet.” In Hebrew it’s considered only one word.
Examples:
   The hotel – ha‘malon
  
The phone- ha‘telephone
   The meat – ha‘basar
   The fish is good – ha‘dag tov

 

And
Next will be the conjunction “and.”
You say “and” and I say “ve” (if you forgot the sound of the “e”… listen to this video again)
Examples:
   Dan and Alice – Dan ve‘Alice
   Meat and side dishes – basar ve‘tosafot
   Pasta and Vegetable salad – Pasta ve‘salat

Now look at the following example:
   The meat – ha‘basar
   The vegetable salad – ha‘salat
   The meat and the vegetable salad – ha‘ basar ve’ha‘salat

Wow, it was long… but you learned a lot! ;-)
Lehitraot in Lesson 8…

 

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Comments: 21 Comments

21 Responses to “Heblish Lesson: Day 7”

  1. Kim says:

    Dear Yaron, to make sure I understand: “and” is always attached to the next word, just like the word “the”. Neither of these words stand alone in Hebrew, right?

    I notice the word for salad in Hebrew is “salat”…very close to English, but not quite. ;-)

  2. Yaron says:

    Yes, Kim, “and” AND “the” are the same in this situation, neither word stands alone. Remember, in the Hebrew language these words are only one letter, but to express them in Heblish we use two letters (“ha” or “ve”), and we connect them to the next word with an apostrophe (only to show it is two separate words). It might seem a little confusing, but take your time and think about, it will become easy…

  3. Sofia says:

    How would I ask for ice in my drink, in Heblish?

  4. Yaron says:

    May I have ice, please? ==> Efshar lekabel kera^, bevakasha?

    Ice – kera^

  5. Maria says:

    Hi Yaron,
    Are there contractions in Heblish like can’t for can not, won’t for will
    not, shouldn’t for should not etc.

    Also, are we going to learn feminine and masculine words like “la chica” for the girl and “los chicos” for the boys in Spanish?

    Once again, thank you for the lessons!!
    Maria

  6. Yaron says:

    Good questions, Maria.
    Yes, there are some contractions in Hebrew. This is a good idea for a separate lesson, but you have to learn many other things before that.

    About your other question, of course, I will also show you the difference between masculine and feminine in plural and singular.
    BTW, You say “la chica” in Spanish and “a girl” in English.
    I say “yalda” in Hebrew.

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  12. Alex says:

    In some cases, I heard the ‘and’ pronounced as ‘u’ instead of ‘ve’. Since it’s the same letter for both sounds, is there a rule for this, or did I misunderstand something?

    Thanks!

  13. Yaron says:

    Hi Alex and thanks for your comment.

    We use “u” instead of “ve” for the word “and” when “vav,” “bet,” “mem” or “pei” follow it, for instance: “^amets u’matza.” There is one more rule for that. BTW, “ve” can be also “va” as in “kaftor va’pera^” and “vi” as in “vi’Yerushalaim.” But the most popular “and” is “ve” and all the other are used for only when speaking very “proper” Hebrew. If you want to speak like most of the Israelis, don’t use either of these rules, just use “ve” and everyone will understand what you say… but, now you have part of the rules for the “u” ;-) In lesson 19 (April 22) you will be able to find another popular usage for “va”.

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  19. alexa says:

    hi!
    Toda raba for posting these tov lessons. You’re doing an amazing job and I really appreciate it.
    One question – this is related to Alex’s comment, but I previously learned that to say for example 28 you would say esrim u’shmone instead of esrim v’shmone. are you also supposed to use u instead of ve when it precedes a shin, or was it a typo? Toda!!!

  20. Yaron says:

    Hi Alexa,
    Yes, we supposed to use “u” instead of “ve” when it precedes a “shin”, but most of the Israelis say “ve”. .. so feel free to use it… ;-)

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