Heblish – Hebrew lessons: Day 40

Verbs

Free Hebrew lessons – October 2010 – Training – Day 40

Boker tov (good morning),

In our previous lessons we talked about verbs, I gave you some homework to do and you sent me your answers. Hooray! Most of you sent perfect answers, and I’m really proud of you.

In lesson 39 I promised to tell you why I call our course a “challenge.”

I think the “challenge” was actually more for me than for you, since in the beginning I didn’t know if I could really teach you Hebrew using English.

But, here we are, 40 lessons later, still going strong!  Now that we (you AND me) know what we’re doing, I’d like to “challenge” each of you to send four of your friends the link to our Heblish website or our Facebook group: http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=230884728509.  Let’s get the group growing… I think the more students we have, the more we will interact and learn.

Ok, now that I’ve got you thinking about challenges instead of verbs and nouns, let’s get cracking!

 

Today’s menu: Common short sentences and some new verbs 

Attention: The underlined letters represent the accent.

Some of you have asked me to explain how to start and continue a conversation, so let’s see an example:

English Talking to a man Talking to a woman
     
What are you doing? Ma ata ose? Ma at osa?
     
I’m eating Ani o^el Ani o^elet
     
Have you seen the news? Haim raita et ha^adashot?
can be also:
Raita et ha^adashot?
Haim rait et ha^adashot?
can be also:
Rait et ha^adashot?
     
No, what happened? Lo, ma kara? The same since there is no verb here: lo, ma kara?
     
The earth stopped rotating Kadur ha’arets hifsik lehistovev The same.
     
Now I understand why I have headache A^shav ani mevin lama yesh li keev rosh (ke-ev) A^shav ani mevina lama yesh li keev rosh

 

 

Let’s look at the verbs in the past and present tenses. Again, I will use orange for feminine.

English Masculine Feminine
     
Do Ose Osa
Eat O^el O^elet
Have you seen?/ Did you see * Raita? Rait?
Understand Mevin Mevina

*) A verb in the past tense.

 

Do / did (singular)

English: Present / past Hebrew: Present Hebrew: Past
I do (I’m doing)/ I did - (m) Ani ose (o-se) Asiti (a-si-ti)
I do (I’m doing)/ I did – (f) Ani osa (o-sa) Asiti (a-si-ti)
     
You do (you’re doing) / you did - (m) Ata ose (o-se) Asita (a-si-ta)
You do (you’re doing) / you did – (f) At osa (o-sa) Asit (a-sit)
     
He does / he did – (m) Hu ose (o-se) Hu asa (a-sa)
She does / she did – (f) Hi osa (o-sa) Hi asta (as-ta)

 

 

Eat / ate (singular)

English: Present / past Hebrew: Present Hebrew: Past
I eat (I’m eating)/ I ate - (m) Ani o^el A^alti
I eat (I’m eating)/ I ate – (f) Ani o^elet A^alti
     
You eat (you’re eating) / you ate - (m) Ata o^el A^alta
You eat (you’re eating) / you ate – (f) At o^elet A^alt
     
He eats / he ate – (m) Hu o^el Hu a^al
She eats / she ate – (f) Hi o^elet Hi a^la

 

 

See / saw (singular)

English: Present / past Hebrew: Present Hebrew: Past
I see / I saw (I’ve seen) – (m) Ani roe (ro-e) Raiti (ra-i-ti)
I see / I saw (I’ve seen) - (f) Ani roa (ro-a) Raiti (ra-i-ti)
     
You see / you saw – (m) Ata roe (ro-e) Raita (ra-i-ta)
You see / you saw - (f) At roa (ro-a) Rait (ra-it)
     
He sees / he saw – (m) Hu roe (ro-e) Hu raa (ra-a)
She sees / she saw – (f) Hi roa (ro-a) Hi raata (ra-a-ta)
     

 

 

Understand / understood (singular)

English: Present / past Hebrew: Present Hebrew: Past
I understand / I understood – (m) Ani mevin Hevanti
I understand / I understood - (f) Ani mevina Hevanti
     
You understand / you understood – (m) Ata mevin Hevanta
You understand / you understood - (f) At mevina Hevant
     
He understands / he understood – (m) Hu mevin Hu hevin
She understands / she understood – (f) Hi mevina Hi hevina
     

 

Please, if you don’t completely understand everything in the tables, send me a message through our Heblish Facebook Group at: http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=230884728509.

Believe me, I put a lot of time and effort into our lessons and I really want you to understand, so lay it on me, tell me what’s on your mind, I’m always open to your suggestions. 

Lehitraot in lesson 41…

You are welcome to join our group on Facebook:
http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=230884728509.

Comments: 5 Comments

Heblish – Hebrew lessons: Day 39A

Homework

Free Hebrew lessons – September 2010 – Training – Day 39A

Happy Succot – Succot samea^,

I am really proud of you! I received many e-mails from you and most of the answers were perfect.

Here are the completed tables for lesson 39. 

Break – shover

English Pronouns Verb Hebrew Pronouns Hebrew Verb
       
Singular      
I / I am (m) break/breaking Ani shover
I / I am (f) break/breaking Ani shoveret
       
You / you are (m) break/breaking Ata shover
You / you are (f) break/breaking At shoveret
       
He / he is (m) breaks/breaking Hu shover
She / she is (f)  breaks/breaking Hi shoveret
       
Plural      
We / we are break/breaking Ana^nu shovrim
We / we are break/breaking Ana^nu shovrot
       
You / you are (m) break/breaking Atem shovrim
You / you are (f) break/breaking Aten shovrot
       
They / they are (m) break/breaking Hem shovrim
They / they are (f) break/breaking Hen shovrot

 

 

Count – sofer

English Pronouns Verb Hebrew Pronouns Hebrew Verb
       
Singular      
I / I am (m) count/counting Ani sofer
I / I am (f) count/counting Ani soferet
       
You / you are (m) count/counting Ata sofer
You / you are (f) count/counting At soferet
       
He / he is (m) counts/counting Hu sofer
She / she is (f)  counts/counting Hi soferet
       
Plural      
We / we are count/counting Ana^nu sofrim
We / we are count/counting Ana^nu sofrot
       
You / you are (m) count/counting Atem sofrim
You / you are (f) count/counting Aten sofrot
       
They / they are (m) count/counting Hem sofrim
They / they are (f) count/counting Hen sofrot

 

Drive – noheg

English Pronouns Verb Hebrew Pronouns Hebrew Verb
       
Singular      
I / I am (m) drive/driving Ani noheg
I / I am (f) drive/driving Ani noheget
       
You / you are (m) drive/driving Ata noheg
You / you are (f) drive/driving At noheget
       
He / he is (m) drives/driving Hu noheg
She / she is (f)  drives/driving Hi noheget
       
Plural      
We / we are drive/driving Ana^nu nohagim
We / we are drive/driving Ana^nu nohagot
       
You / you are (m) drive/driving Atem nohagim
You / you are (f) drive/driving Aten nohagot
       
They / they are (m) drive/driving Hem nohagim
They / they are (f) drive/driving Hen nohagot

 

Closesoger

English Pronouns Verb Hebrew Pronouns Hebrew Verb
       
Singular      
I / I am (m) close/closing Ani soger
I / I am (f) close/closing Ani sogeret
       
You / you are (m) close/closing Ata soger
You / you are (f) close/closing At sogeret
       
He / he is (m) closes/closing Hu soger
She / she is (f)  closes/closing Hi sogeret
       
Plural      
We / we are close/closing Ana^nu sogrim
We / we are close/closing Ana^nu sogrot
       
You / you are (m) close/closing Atem sogrim
You / you are (f) close/closing Aten sogrot
       
They / they are (m) close/closing Hem sogrim
They / they are (f) close/closing Hen sogrot

 

Sell – mo^er

English Pronouns Verb Hebrew Pronouns Hebrew Verb
       
Singular      
I / I am (m) sell/selling Ani mo^er
I / I am (f) sell/selling Ani mo^eret
       
You / you are (m) sell/selling Ata mo^er
You / you are (f) sell/selling At mo^eret
       
He / he is (m) sells/selling Hu mo^er
She / she is (f)  sells/selling Hi mo^eret
       
Plural      
We / we are sell/selling Ana^nu mo^rim
We / we are sell/selling Ana^nu mo^rot
       
You / you are (m) sell/selling Atem mo^rim
You / you are (f) sell/selling Aten mo^rot
       
They / they are (m) sell/selling Hem mo^rim
They / they are (f) sell/selling Hen mo^rot

 

Wear – lovesh

English Pronouns Verb Hebrew Pronouns Hebrew Verb
       
Singular      
I / I am (m) wear/wearing Ani lovesh
I / I am (f) wear/wearing Ani loveshet
       
You / you are (m) wear/wearing Ata lovesh
You / you are (f) wear/wearing At loveshet
       
He / he is (m) wears/wearing Hu lovesh
She / she is (f)  wears/wearing Hi loveshet 
       
Plural      
We / we are wear/wearing Ana^nu lovshim
We / we are wear/wearing Ana^nu lovshot
       
You / you are (m) wear/wearing Atem lovshim
You / you are (f) wear/wearing Aten lovshot
       
They / they are (m) wear/wearing Hem lovshim
They / they are (f) wear/wearing Hen lovshot

 

Lehitraot next Thursday

You are welcome to join our group on Facebook:
http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=230884728509.

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Heblish – Hebrew lessons: Day 39

Verbs

Free Hebrew lessons – September 2010 – Training – Day 39

Hi,

When we started our challenge (in our next lesson I will explain why “challenge?…”), I said that I would not give lessons during holidays – yours or mine. However, from the many e-mails you have sent me, I understand how important these lessons are for you, so… even though today is another holiday – Succot, I decided to publish this lesson. 

In our previous lessons we talked about the holidays Rosh Ha’shana and Yom Kippur, but before that, in lesson 36 we learned some verbs in the present tense plural, like: we sit, you sit, they sit -
Ana^nu yoshvim, atem yoshvim, hem yoshvim for masculine,

And: We sit, you sit, they sit:  
Ana^nu yoshvot, aten yoshvot, hen yoshvot for feminine.

This is going to be a DOUBLE lesson (I’ll tell you why, later), so… sweep your desk clean, get comfortable and focused…  

 

Today’s menu: Verbs

Attention: The underlined letters represent the accent.

Some of you have asked me to explain how to start and continue a conversation, others have asked me to explain the difference between “had” and “was,” how to say “I had a car, I had no time,” and when and how to use past tense versus past participle, etc…

I really want to teach you all of these things and more, but there are many words and concepts to learn, so we must focus on one thing at a time. The solution: each of you can be part of our Heblish group on Facebook and ask me your specific questions there. This would be great for three reasons.  First, all of the other students will read your questions and learn from my responses; second, I can answer you outside the framework of the lessons; and third, it will give me some ideas for our future lessons.  This will help us all since I’m not a teacher; I’m just a person who has an excellent knowledge of the Hebrew language (but not great English) trying to teach you my language in your language… can you imagine?  ;-)

Today, I will teach you six new verbs in the present tense and you will try to conjugate them yourself…

I’m going to give you the persons table: I, you, he, etc… and a complete table for one verb.

Usually our Heblish words are in blue, but for the tables below I am using orange for the feminine words to help you see the difference between masculine and feminine.  And, by the way, I do understand that the concept of “feminine” and “masculine” verbs, nouns, adjective, etc. is very odd to English speakers, but it’s basic to the Hebrew language.
After that table, I want you to try solving the other tables yourself. (I have not left the tables completely blank; you will see where you need to fill in the missing words)

My suggestion is, copy the tables, solve them and send them to me by e-mail. If you like, you can add more questions regarding Hebrew to your e-mail and I promise to check your homework and answer your questions. So, you will have a private teacher for this lesson… ;-)

First, here is the complete persons table:

English subject pronouns Hebrew subject pronouns
   
Singular  
I / I am (m) Ani
I / I am (f) Ani
   
You / you are (m) Ata
You / you are (f) At
   
He / he is (m) Hu
She / she is (f)  Hi (remember, the “i” sounds like “ee”)
   
Plural  
We / we are (m) Ana^nu
We / we are (f)   Ana^nu
   
You / you are (m) Atem
You / you are (f) Aten
   
They / they are (m) Hem
They / they are (f) Hen

 

Let’s learn the new verbs (m):

English Verb Hebrew Verb
(I) break (Ani) shover
(I) count (Ani) sofer
(I) drive (Ani) noheg
(I) close (Ani) soger
(I) sell (Ani) mo^er
(I) wear (Ani) lovesh

 

In the above table you just learned 6 new verbs.
Can you tell me what these six new words have in common?

“Listen” to the sound of them: shover, sofer, noheg, soger, mo^er, lovesh

1. They all have only two syllables.
2. The accent is on the last syllable.
3. They all have this sound: o-E, o-E, sho-ver, so-fer, no-heg, so-ger, mo-^er, lo-vesho-E… can you hear this?

Now let’s see a complete table for the first verb, break (shover), but first, let’s remember this rule:
In the present – there are only 4 inflections for every Hebrew verb:
- Singular for (m), singular for (f), plural for (m) and plural for (f).
What do I mean by that?

I mean that a verb following
I (m), is the same for you (m), and also for he (m), and a verb following
I (f), is the same for you (f), and also for she (f), and a verb following
We (m), is the same for you (m), and also for they (m), and a verb following
We (f), is the same for you (f), and also for they (f).

Break – shover

English Pronouns Verb Hebrew Pronouns Hebrew Verb
       
Singular      
I / I am (m) break/breaking Ani shover
I / I am (f) break/breaking Ani shoveret
       
You / you are (m) break/breaking Ata shover
You / you are (f) break/breaking At shoveret
       
He / he is (m) breaks/breaking Hu shover
She / she is (f)  breaks/breaking Hi shoveret
       
Plural      
We / we are break/breaking Ana^nu shovrim
We / we are break/breaking Ana^nu shovrot
       
You / you are (m) break/breaking Atem shovrim
You / you are (f) break/breaking Aten shovrot
       
They / they are (m) break/breaking Hem shovrim
They / they are (f) break/breaking Hen shovrot

 

 

Count – sofer

English Pronouns Verb Hebrew Pronouns Hebrew Verb
       
Singular      
I / I am (m) count/counting Ani sofer
I / I am (f) count/counting Ani soferet
       
You / you are (m) count/counting Ata sofer
You / you are (f) count/counting At ?
       
He / he is (m) counts/counting Hu ?
She / she is (f)  counts/counting Hi soferet
       
Plural      
We / we are count/counting Ana^nu sofrim
We / we are count/counting Ana^nu sofrot
       
You / you are (m) count/counting Atem ?
You / you are (f) count/counting Aten sofrot
       
They / they are (m) count/counting Hem ?
They / they are (f) count/counting Hen ?

 

Drive – noheg

English Pronouns Verb Hebrew Pronouns Hebrew Verb
       
Singular      
I / I am (m) drive/driving Ani noheg
I / I am (f) drive/driving Ani noheget
       
You / you are (m) drive/driving Ata noheg
You / you are (f) drive/driving At ?
       
He / he is (m) drives/driving Hu ?
She / she is (f)  drives/driving ? noheget
       
Plural      
We / we are drive/driving Ana^nu nohagim
We / we are drive/driving Ana^nu nohagot
       
You / you are (m) drive/driving Atem ?
You / you are (f) drive/driving Aten ?
       
They / they are (m) drive/driving Hem ?
They / they are (f) drive/driving ? nohagot

 

Closesoger

English Pronouns Verb Hebrew Pronouns Hebrew Verb
       
Singular      
I / I am (m) close/closing Ani soger
I / I am (f) close/closing ? ?
       
You / you are (m) close/closing Ata ?
You / you are (f) close/closing At sogeret
       
He / he is (m) closes/closing Hu soger
She / she is (f)  closes/closing ? sogeret
       
Plural      
We / we are close/closing Ana^nu ?
We / we are close/closing Ana^nu sogrot
       
You / you are (m) close/closing ? sogrim
You / you are (f) close/closing Aten ?
       
They / they are (m) close/closing Hem sogrim
They / they are (f) close/closing Hen sogrot

 

Sell – mo^er

English Pronouns Verb Hebrew Pronouns Hebrew Verb
       
Singular      
I / I am (m) sell/selling Ani ?
I / I am (f) sell/selling ? mo^eret
       
You / you are (m) sell/selling Ata mo^er
You / you are (f) sell/selling At ?
       
He / he is (m) sells/selling ? ?
She / she is (f)  sells/selling Hi  
       
Plural      
We / we are sell/selling Ana^nu ?
We / we are sell/selling ? mo^rot
       
You / you are (m) sell/selling ? ?
You / you are (f) sell/selling Aten ?
       
They / they are (m) sell/selling ? mo^rim
They / they are (f) sell/selling Hen ?

 

Wear – lovesh

English Pronouns Verb Hebrew Pronouns Hebrew Verb
       
Singular      
I / I am (m) wear/wearing ? ?
I / I am (f) wear/wearing ? loveshet
       
You / you are (m) wear/wearing ? ?
You / you are (f) wear/wearing At ?
       
He / he is (m) wears/wearing Hu ?
She / she is (f)  wears/wearing ?  
       
Plural      
We / we are wear/wearing Ana^nu ?
We / we are wear/wearing ? ?
       
You / you are (m) wear/wearing ? ?
You / you are (f) wear/wearing ? ?
       
They / they are (m) wear/wearing ? lovshim
They / they are (f) wear/wearing ? ?

 

I know…whew!  This lesson covered a lot of ground, but I think we need some repetitive “fill in the blank” work to really cement these basic grammar rules into our minds.  Start with the first table, and I bet by the time you come to the last table you find it is very easy and you will be proud of what you have accomplished.

Now here’s the reason for today’s “DOUBLE” lesson… next Thursday is the second holiday of Succot, so we will not have our regular lesson.  The timing is perfect, because I wanted to give you extra time to work on your homework (the tables). 

I will be monitoring our Free-Hebrew FB Group and looking for your homework in my e-mail, so…. 

Lehitraot in October, in lesson 40 … 40?… Yes, 40 ;-)

You are welcome to join our group on Facebook:
http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=230884728509. 

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